# Stonehenge

51 50 SurveyIng the cIrcLe three centuries of enquiry Jones Wood Stukeley Long Smith Stevens Fergusson Michell Martineau Ever since Inigo Jones hexagonal linking of the sarsen circle to the five trilithons in 1655, the Kings architect thought there were six opposite top left people have surveyed and interpreted Stonehenge, particularly the inner sanctum. Various designs are shown opposite, each attributed to their respective author. John Michells most elegant solution to squaring the circle using the Earth and Moon lowest centre also defines two circles of the inner sanctum of Stonehenge. In a squared circle the perimeter of the square and circle are the same. Michells diagram also shows a triangular solution which correctly sizes both the bluestone circle and horseshoe within the Sarsen Circle. John Martineaus octagonal solution lowest right masterfully accounts for the width of the stones in the bluestone horseshoe. His other octagonal solution was shown on the previous page. Throughout Stonehenge one discovers meticulous and subtle attention to detail. For example, the two sarsen uprights flanking the midsummer axis depicted on page 43 are placed just a single foot further apart than the rest. The half width sarsen upright, the use of accurate measures and precise geometry, and the perfectly level circular ring of lintels are evidence indeed of a sophisticated people whose endeavour has endured into its sixth millennium. Stonehenge still bears ample witness to their high level of civilisation. It was their Temple, revealing their cosmology, and one wonders what else lies hidden within these ancient stones.