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Stonehenge

5 4 dIggIng In the dark the rediscovery of Stonehenge Ever since the end of the Dark Ages, descriptions and illus trations of Stonehenge have been interwoven with the cultural fantasies of the time. So remote is the culture which originally built the monument that we should not be surprised at this. Inigo Jones, architect to King James I, added a sixth trilithon to link Stonehenge to Roman styles see page 51, while Lucas de Herres charming yet naive sketch see frontispiece is the first known picture, drawn on the spot in 1569. The bizarre and inaccurate engraving shown opposite is from William Campdens Britannia of 1605 and, for the first time, placed Stonehenge in front of a wider public. The Age of the Antiquarian dawned around 1650 with John Aubrey, and later William Stukeley Stonehenge now became temple plus druids. Exit Roman and Greek influences and enter rude British. Plundering of this and other ancient sites followed. A notorious duo, ColtHoare and Cunningham, practiced reverse alchemy replacing struck gold found in nearby burial barrows with dull lead tokens. In those days, archaeology was undertaken with pickaxe and shovel, and much irrevocable damage was done, and invaluable evidence irretrievably lost. During the past century Colonel Hawley, Sir Matthew FlindersPetrie, Sir Norman Lockyer, and professors Atkinson, Hawkins and Thom each pioneered more scientific approaches to understanding those immemorial grey stones.
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