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St Patrick

56 57 sItes assocIated WIth st PatrIck Armagh, originally Ard Macha, an ancient hill site dedicated to Macha, a pagan cult figure whose name also occurs nearby at Navan, Emhain Macha, the legendary royal capital of Ulster. Trechn gives three traditions about Patrick founding his church here. Armagh claimed Patrick made it his Episcopal seat, and thus it was by rights Irelands religious capital, as they also claimed that Patrick alone had made Ireland Christian. Bannavem TaberniaeBannaveta Berniae, the RomanoBritish village near which was Patricks familys vilulla, a small villa. Its location is unknown. Baslick, co. Roscommon, Trechn says Patrick buried the craftsman Cuanu, brother of Sachellus, bishop of Basilice Mire, the Big Basilica. Sachellus is possibly prePatrician, Baslick is on a hilltop close to the important tribal assembly hill of Cruachan q.v.. Benbulben, co. Sligo, a table top mountain, one of the seven inside which Patrick set guardians to watch over Ireland until the Second Coming. There are no other Christian traditions about Benbulben, but several in the Fenian legends. Braid Valley, co. Antrim, the kingdom of the Braid Valley identified by Trechn and Muirch ca. 670 as the place where Patrick was a slave, and that the local king or druid, Miliucc, was his slave master. The Braid, which was probably still pagan, was annexed by Dalriada, the neighbouring kingdom, by the seventh century, and the Patrick stories may have helped justify this. He cursed Miliuccs family as ever unfit to rule. Bush river, co. Antrim, in Muirchs account Patrick had to cross this river to get to Dunseverick q.v. to consecrate Olcn a ford miraculously rose up to let him cross it. Carmain, the Leinster tribal assembly hill, site unknown, Patrick blessed a well here. Named after a mythological female called Carman. Cashel, co. Tipperary, Munsters royal hill. In the Tripartite Life Patrick met Oisn here, a mythological figure and the legendary father of poetry in Ireland. Conor, co. Antrim, ancient capital seat of a local kingdom according to the Tripartite Life St MacNissi of Conor interfered with Patricks wayward sister Lupita so Patrick made his lecherous hand drop off. Clonard, one of the seven mountains inside which Patrick set guardians to watch over Ireland until the Second Coming. A monastery founded here by St Finian circa 520 Croagh Patrick, co. Mayo, the greatest pilgrimage centre for Patrick. It may have been originally venerated as a source of prehistoric gold. Tirechns Patrick spent forty days on its peak, while mighty birds flew round him so he could see neither sky sea nor land. Cruachan, Connachts royal tribal assembly hill Trechn says that Patrick gave the sacraments here to two of Loiguires daughters, who then died, and that he built a church on top of their ferta, or pagan burial mound, thus Christianising a pagan site. Donaghpatrick, co. Meath, according to Trechn Loiguires brother gave this site near Tara to Patrick, who built his great church here, sixty foot long. Downpatrick, co. Down, Trechn says untamed oxen brought a cart with Patricks body from Saul q.v. to Downpatrick, so he was then buried here. A stone beside the cathedral marks the reputed site of Patricks grave Duff river, cos. Sligo Donegal, in the Tripartite Life was cursed by Patrick to be empty of fish after local fishermen refused him any he reversed the curse when some boys gave him a fish. Two holy wells nearby are visited on St Patricks day St Patricks Well and the Shaving Well where Patrick and his followers shaved off their beards. Dunseverick, co. Antrim, a capital seat of the kingdom of Dalriada Muirch says Patrick consecrated Olcn here and gave him relics of Peter and Paul, one of a few accounts of European relics in Ireland in the earliest Christian period. Dunshaughlin, co. Meath the possibly prePatrician church site on a hill near Tara q.v. of St Secundinus. It suggests an early Christian presence here. Foghill, co. Sligo, probably the Voclut of the Confession. St Patricks holy well is the only remnant of ancient veneration. Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, claimed, from the 10th century onwards, that St Patricks grave was here. The stories are actually about Palladius, the bishop sent to Ireland in 431, the senior St Patrick of some traditions. Patrick was the first teacher of the Irish, they say, but as he could not correct them he left on pilgrimage. He came to Glastonbury monastery and here finished his life, famous for his miraculous powers. Lough Derg, co. Donegal, from the medieval period onwards Patricks Purgatory on Saints Island was an important place of pilgrimage, as it was believed that he had fasted and prayed here as a penance for his own sins. Louth, co. Louth, reputedly the first Irish monastery, founded by Mochta, a RomanoBritish follower of Patrick probably Patricks Confession and Letter were preserved here before they were copied into the Book of Armagh circa 810. Manann pond, co. Monaghan, a druid turned himself into a serpent in this lake to avoid Patrick, who then condemned him to stay there until Judgement Day. Moy river, co. Mayo, Muirch has Patrick curse a druid whom he sees on the Moys opposite bank, with the result that he died on the spot and burst into flames. Near the river at Ballina is a well where the Tripartitie Life says Patrick baptised a local prince, Eochaid, and preached to the people of the region. Saul, co. Down, according to Muirch when Patrick first landed as a bishop on the shore near here a local, Dichu, gave him the rath on this hill, and Patrick used its barn, Irish sabhail, as his church. Two miles away at Raholp is a 10th century church and holy well, there are also the Struell Wells, associated with Patrick and much visited by pilgrims. Skerry Hill, co. Antrim, traditionally the site of Miliuccs house, in which he burnt himself rather than submit to Patrick, who then built a church on it see Braid Valley. Sln, Ballintober co. Mayo, Trechn says there was a square well here called Sln, health, a place of pagan worship. The pagans left gold and silver offerings in it, and its waters oozed out round a rectangular stone reputedly covering a wizards bones. Patrick pulled out the stone, blessed the well, baptised his disciple Cainneach in its water and built a church beside it for him. The stone was there in Trechns day. Slieve Beagh, co. Meath, one of the seven mountains inside which Patricks guardians keep watch. There are fifteen prehistoric barrow graves on its summit. Slieve Donard, co. Down, one of the seven mountains inside which Patrick set guardians to watch over Ireland. Donard, son of the last pagan king lives in chambers under the megalithic tomb on its peak beside which a yearly mass was said until the 1840s. Slieve Gua, co. Waterford, one of the seven mountains inside which Patrick set guardians to watch over Ireland until the Second Coming it is now the Knockmealdown mountains and is in an early triad along with the Wicklow Hills and Slemish q.v. Slemish, co. Antrim, in Trechn and Muirchs accounts it was not near the wood of Voclut q.v., but on the slopes of this mountain that young Patrick as a slave tended the herds of his master Miliucc see Braid Valley. Slane, co. Meath, the hill near Tara upon which Trechn and Muirch say that Patrick lit the first Pascal fire in Ireland, leading to the great confrontation with Loiguire, the pagan High King of Ireland. One of Loiguires men, Erc mac Dago, went over to Patrick, and that his relics are now venerated in Slane. A ruined monastery is on its summit. Straffan, co. Kildare, St Patricks Hill, a tribal assembly site. Mass was said here on St Patricks Day afterwards boys threw lumps of earth and visits were made to Patricks chapel and holy well below the hill. Tara, co. Meath, the great royal assembly hill of the central fifth of Ireland, sacred to the goddess Medb Lethderg Trechn and Muirch say that Patrick had his decisive confrontation with the High King on the plain of Brega below Tara after lighting his first Pascal fire see Slane. Patrick miraculously enters Taras feasting hall the next day through closed doors, and wins a series of magical contests with Loiguires druids. Teltown, co. Meath, an assembly hill near Tara named after the god Lughs stepmother Tailtiu and christianised by Patrick. In 1168 the last High King, Rory OConnor, was proclaimed here, mock battles took place in nearby lakes, and until the nineteenth century couples would marry or divorce each other here by declaration, in Teltown Marriages. Tullaghan rock, Sligo, during his struggle with the Corra Patrick, like Moses, struck this rock with a stick, after she poisoned all wells. Sweet water burst forth, and the well was a Wonder of Ireland in the Middle Ages, as its waters ebbed and flowed with the sea. Voclut see Foghill, Patrick says in his Confession that he lived as a slave near the wood of Voclut. Trechn says Patrick founded a church here, ordained Mucneus as its bishop and blessed a place by Voclut wood for two women who took the veil.
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