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Mind Tricks

58 appenDix freuDian Defences Defence mechanisms are psychological devices used by individuals to cope with the world and maintain and protect the selfimage. It can be a useful exercise to try and identify those which you think you employ. Next ask a friend to indentify the ones which heshe thinks you employ. Are they the same ones Compensating behaving in a new way because one cannot accomplish another way. Denying unconsciously resolving emotional conflict and reducing anxiety by refusing to perceive the more unpleasant aspects of external reality. Denying awareness avoiding pain and harm by stating one was in a different state of awareness e.g. alcoholdrug intoxication or psychological state e.g. mad. Denying cycle avoiding looking at ones decisions leading up to an event or not considering ones pattern of decision making and how harmful behavior is repeating. Denying denying thinking, acting and behaving for bolstering confidence that nothing needs changing in ones personal behaving. Denying fact typically lying in order to avoid facts that one thinks may be potentially painful to oneself or to others. Denying impact avoiding thinking about or understanding the harms ones behavior has caused to oneself or to others. By doing this, one may avoid feeling guilty. This may be preventing one from developing remorse or empathising with others. Denying responsibility usually attempting to avoid potential harm or pain by shifting attention away from oneself. Dissociating separating or postponing a feeling that normally would accompany a situation or thought. Displacing unconsciously, mind redirecting emotion from a dangerous object to a safe object. For example, punching cushions when angry at another person. Humor Joking refocusing attention on the somewhat comical side of the situation to relieve negative tension similar to comic relief. Idealising presenting the object of attention as all good, masking true negative feelings toward the other person. Identifying unconsciously modelling ones self upon another persons behavior. Introjecting identifying with some idea or object so deeply that it becomes a part of that person. Inverting refocusing aggression or emotions evoked from an external force onto ones self. Intellectualising concentrating on the intellectual components of situations for distancing oneself from the anxietyprovoking emotions associated with these situations. Projecting attributing to others ones own unacceptable or unwanted thoughts andor emotions. Projection reduces anxiety by allowing the expression of the impulse or desire without letting the ego recognise it. Rationalising constructing a logical justification for a decision that was originally made through a different mental process. Reaction forming converting into their opposites unconscious wishes or impulses that are perceived to be dangerous. Regressing reverting to an earlier stage of development in the face of unacceptable impulses. Repressing pushing thoughts into the unconscious and preventing painful or dangerous thoughts from entering consciousness. Somatising manifesting emotional anxiety through physical symptoms. Splitting seeing external objects or people as either all good or all bad. Sublimating refocusing psychic energy away from negative outlets to more positive outlets. Drives which cannot find an outlet are rechanneled. Substituting replacing one feeling or emotion with another. Suppressing consciously pushing thoughts into the preconscious. Undoing trying to undo negative or threatening thoughts by ones actions.
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