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Holy Hills of Ireland

56 57 gLossary of irish Names ine, a landgoddess, sometimes a daughter of Manannn, the sea god, or of Eoghabal, king of the otherworld dwelling below Cnoc ine ancestress of the Eoghanacht dynasty of Munster, she lives in Lough Gur, Limerick, as a mermaid. BAlAr, the flashing one, god of thunder and sky storms. His eye destroys enemies and he lives in Mizen Head in Britain he lives in Bolerion, Cornwall, and the Hebridees. BAdhBh, warrior goddess and announcer of death, she appears as a scald crow, as these hover over battle fields. A form of the triplegoddess Danu, she is the Banshee, the badhbh caointe. Boa island, Lough Erne, bears her name. BAnBhA, the Tuatha D Dannans queen, brought 150 women and three men to Ireland, the island of Banbha of the women. She survived the Flood by standing on Tul Toinne hill beside the Shannon. BodhBh deArg, of the Tuatha D Dannan, a warlord deity, king of the Otherworld of Munster, his sdh is in Slievenamon, Tipperary, and he is friend of the Daghdha Binn, White Cow goddess, the dispenser of wisdom. The Boyne gives out her wisdom and poetry and the Milky Way flows from her. She mates with the Daghdha, bringing fertility to the world and Fionn, of the wisdom and second sight, was their child. BrendAn, an early saint associated with Mount Brandon, Kerry. Legends abound about his extraordinary voyages and he is represented as the grandson of the Daghdha, to whom the mountain was previously dedicated. Brighid, the exalted one, goddess of poetry and agricultural fertility, her feast, Omelg, lactation, is the first day of Spring. A tripleformed daughter of the Daghdha she is the guardian goddess of domestic animals and an aspect of the mothergoddess. cAilleAch BhArrA, a manifestation of the land goddess, she changes from hag to young girl to lure youths into her depths and originates from a belief in a cowgoddess on a western island. Standing stones are often people or animals transformed by her. Her sdh is in Slieve Gullions passage cairn, she lives in the Beara peninsula and is the spirit of the harvest. cesAir, Noahs granddaughter, brought Irelands first settlers to Dingle. Some say she is the daughter of Banbha, and arrived 40 days before the Deluge with 50 women, the first sheep and three men. All perished apart from one man, Fionntan. crochAin croidheArg, daughter of the sun goddess, lives in Oweynagat cave on Crachan,one of the three sacred caves of Ireland her name, Blood Red, refers to sunset, death and gestation. croM duBh or croM cruAch, the bent black or dark croucher, in folk tradition a pagan god who opposes St Patrick. He is antichrist and the devil, a distortion of Dire and the Daghdha, and often presents Patrick with a cauldron or bullock, after which the saint converts him. Lughnasa often came to be called Crom Dubhs Sunday, with Balar and Lughs struggle christianised into a confrontation between Patrick and Crom Dubh. c chulAinn, mythical hero at the centre of the Ulster Cycle, came from Muirthemhne, Louth and is in some accounts a son of Lugh. The mortally wounded hero tied himself to Cuchulainns Stone, so as to fight on. dAghdhA, the Celtic sungod. He dwelt in New Grange, impregnated Binn to give life to Aonghus. His cauldron left no one unsatisfied and his club either killed or revived those it hit. dire, a form of the Daghdha honoured by the rainn people of Armagh, possessor of a valuable cauldron, a fine horse and a great bull. He gave Armagh to St Patrick. donn, dark god of the dead, underworld aspect of the Daghdha. He lives in Teach Duinn, Donns House, on an island in Kenmare Bay. To me, to my house, you shall all come. He brings the dead to his house in Cnoc Frinne and rides at night on a white horse. riu, goddess. Her name, Celtic Iveriu, land, identifies her as a landgoddess. She lies on Uisneach hill, Mdh, the ritual centre of Ireland, her husband is Mac Grine, Son of the sun, representing the ties between female earth and male sun. finnBheArA, the Connacht fairies leader, presides over a a sdh in Knockmaa hill, his name probably being that of the hilltop cairn. He entices beautiful women into his realm and plays hurling with his fairies against the rest. If they win Connachts crops flourish. fionn MAc cuMhAil, the famous legendary hero, a warriorseer, poet and huntsman. He ate the salmon of wisdom, his hood gives him animal form, and he built the Giants Causeway. His powers, name, poetry and fair hair all derive from an earlier mythological Fionn, a semidivine seer. fr Bolg brothers, the five sons of Nemhedh, split Ireland between them with its centre at Uisneach hill in Mdh. Defeated by the Tuatha D Danann they went to the western edges of Ireland. Their leader Aonghuss stronghold was Dn Aonghusa on the Aran Islands. foMhire, the Fomorians, a ferocious race of hideous giants in the northern and western fringes of Ireland. They represent the dark side of the IndoEuropean myth of a struggle between a bright, divine race, the Tuatha D Danann, and these dark opponents. grinne, the sun goddess, ljves in Knockgrean, Cnoc Grinne, Limerick. Her daughter Crochain Croidhearg lives in Oweynagat cave on Crachan, lugh, the ancient Celtic god Lugus, patron of solemn oaths and the harvest, hence the Lughnasa customs. He slays his maternal grandfather, a myth of Mediterranean origin. MAchA originally simply meant an area of land, but became synonymous with the Mr Roghain, the sovereignty goddess of Ulster. Her tumulus was Emhain Macha, and she had a horse cult, hence the story of the pregnant Machas race against horses. MAd sweeney, Suibhne, in Kerry legends a seventh century king, whose insanity was cured at Gleann na nGealt according to lore lunatics from all over Ireland assembled here, to drink from the well and eat watercress. MAnAnnn, ancestral deity of a maritime tribe, by extension the sea god. He controlled the weather, the Isle of Man was his seat and rushes, watery plants, were sacred to him. MeAdhBh the intoxicator goddess, donor of Taras sovereignty. Ale and horses are associated with her, she mated with all new kings and inebriated them. Originally she was the Celtic goddess Meduva, and her epithet, leathdhearg, halfred, probably refers to kingship contests. Midhir, king of the Tuatha D Dannan, lord of the sdh, otherworld dwelling of Br Leith, Slieve Golry in Longford, and foster father of Aonghus, whom he taughr how to take Br na Binne. Ml, or Ml eAsPAinne, fictional Irish ancestor in the Lebor Gabla to explain the biblical genealogical origins of the Irish. His sons defeated the Tuatha D Dannan at Sliabh Ms. Mr MuMhAnn, the sovereignty goddess of Cashel, seat of Munsters kings, originally she was the rainn peoples goddess, but later the conquering Eoghanacht transferred her authority to themselves. Maeves Cairn, Sligo Cil Odhar nr Loch Measca
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