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Elements of Music

14 15 tonE tEndEncIEs tension and release Because of the powerful gravity and stability of the stations of the scale, notes that deviate from these are perceived as transitional. Whole and half steps, and even minor and major thirds, all manifest varying degrees of tension, which is then released when a station is reached, or when transitional notes are traded for less dynamic transitional notes. Additionally, notes that are farther from a stopping point or station are less active or dramatic in relation to it than adjacent ones. Minor scales have basically the same set of tensions as major scales see page 34. A further level of complexity occurs in music that has chord progressions and modulations, as the set of tensions can change. Here the initial root, third, and fifth of a chord and scale are the stations, with the rest of the tones intermediary, but as the chord changes, the root, third, and fifth of the new chord become the new stations, or secondary stations. However, without an actual modulation, the importance of the primary set of relations is not lost in memory, and a tiered set of relationships is created. Since chords can be constructed with any note of the scale as a root, they can both take on the same stable or transitional aspects as the roots upon which they are built already possess, and contain their own subset of stations, forming two tiers of stability or instability working at any given moment. The genius of a good melody involves the understanding of these two tiers of relationships, and the skillful implementation of manipulating expectation and result against those natural tensions, based largely upon the utilization of memory, incorporating expectation and fulfillment. Above The seven tones of the major scale, their Curwen hand signs, and associated qualities. Horizontal hand signs indicate the stations, the others signify the tendencies of the intermediary tones, pushing down or pulling up. Above The main theme of the 2nd movement of Beethovens Pathtique Sonata in A b Major with Kodaly hand signs. The accidentals Enatural in bar 5 and Anatural in bar 7 act as temporary leading tones, so they receive the ti hand. Above Intermediary tones each come in varying flavours. The second can be either lowered, natural, or raised the fourth can only be natural or raised. If it were lowered it would become the third. The sixth can come in three flavours, but the seventh is also limited, for it can only be lowered or natural. If it were to be raised it would become
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