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17 16 AntiquAriAnS ArchOlOgiStS a helpful Danish visitor One of the limitations of the early antiquarians was the lack of a chronological framework for the past. Then, in 1851, Daniel Wilson published Prehistoric Annals of Scotland. The second edition included an engraving of Callanish see page 35. This was the first use of the word prehistoric in English. A Danish professor, Christian Thomsen, had first divided ancient times into Ages of, successively, Stone, Bronze and Iron. So it is perhaps appropriate that the earliest known illustrations of Callanish were drawn by an early archaeologist from Denmark. A sketch by Jacob Worsaae opposite above, in an 1846 field notebook, confirms the conclusion from the MacCulloch and Tomkin material. Worsaae clearly showed the stones of the circle looking short he was standing on a ground level five feet higher than todays, due to the blanketing peat. A second sketch opposite below, looking south towards the circle, shows that the ground level had already been lowered along most of the length of the avenue by peat cutting.
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