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13 12 the fAMOuS AntiquAriAn Callanish as a serpentine temple William Stukeleys careful drawings of the great stone circles of Wiltshire, made in the 1720s, are greatly valued today see Avebury in this series. Stukeleys later publications are full of fanciful Druid theories, which nevertheless were very influential for many years. At Avebury, he considered the circle and curved avenues to represent a Druidical dracontium or serpentine temple. The manuscript plan of Callanish opposite in his Commonplace Book was not original, Stukeley never having visited Scotland. He wrote I took a drawing of it from Mr Llwdds travels but he is a very bad designer A part of the snake remains going from it which he calls an avenue. He did not discern the curve of it . Edward Llwdd or Lhwyd, whose work is lost, had copied Martin and it is hardly surprising that he did not notice the curve of the straight Callanish avenue Stukeley was trying to adjust the facts to fit his theories. The similarity of the ground plan of Callanish to the shape of a Celtic Cross was noted by Rev. Thomas MacLaughlan in 1863. He speculated that the site was a Christian relic, perhaps built as a penance for a grievous sin
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