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8 9 A short walk due north of Avebury just off the old map opposite takes you up to the ancient settlement of Windmill Hill, occupied eight thousand years ago. There are huge barrows here, possibly the burial mounds of ancient kings and queens of Avebury, which still overlook the stone circles. South of Avebury lies Silbury Hill, Swallowhead Spring and the West Kennet Longbarrow. Running northeast along the ridge of Hackpen Hill is the long and very ancient track known as The Ridgeway. It runs northeast from the ancient springs and hollow yew tree at Alton Priors, across another ancient path, the Wansdyke on top of the chalk downs near St. Annes Hill, then past the Sanctuary close to the line of five barrows lower right in the picture opposite, before passing to the east of Avebury and heading off to the huge hillfort of Barbury Castle and other distant ancient earthworks far in the direction of the May Day and Lammas sunrise line. Walking east out of Avebury up the ancient track to the Ridgeway gives easy access to magical Fyfield Down, with its great sarsen stones and rare thistles. West of Avebury can be found two large stones, called Adam and Eve, all that remain of a second avenue, and other barrows and long barrows all of which reward a visit. Around Avebury other ancient sites within easy walking distance The map above, from Fergusson 1872, shows the main features of the Avebury landscape but omits the important settlement of Windmill Hill to the north. The long barrow is the West Kennet Longbarrow. Swallowhead Spring is shown as a small tick, flowing into the river Kennet, south of Silbury Hill. The five barrows in the southeast corner are beside the Sanctuary at the end of the Avenue.
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