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Ancient Celtic Coin Art

56 57 41 i. S. GAUL. Gold. The lion of the Classical coin repertoire here becomes a domestic cat playing with an incense censer and wheat stalk. 41 j. CANTIACI Kent, S.E. England. 10 BC 5 AD. Silver. Classical griffon becomes here half horse or hound with a hawks head. 41 k. ECENI East Anglia. c. 50 BC. Gold. Wolf baring fangs protects the wealth coins or harvest seeds of the tribe looked over by smaller birds. 41 l. BELLOVACI Beauvais region, N. France. Bronze. Lion crouches with a mane of sun rays. 41 m. LEUCI N.E. France. c. 6040 BC. Potin. Both boar and the severed head are symbols of victory for the warrior. STARS 42 a. PARISII Paris Basin, France. 1st c. BC. Gold. Tattooed cheek. Scrolled design interpreted as a royal diadem or crown seen from front. 42 b. EASTERN CELTS E. Rhineland, Germany. c. 6050 BC. Silver. Poss. warrior with bronze mirror, painting himself with woad. 42 c. CATUVELLAUNI and TRINOVANTES S.E. England. c. AD1041. Silver. Woad plant Flower clusters echo shape of seed heads. 42 d. AULERCI EBUROVICES Normandy, France. Gold. Profile head with tattooed cheek. 42 e. ABRINCATUI Normandy, N.W. France. c. 8050 BC. Silver. Cheek tattooed or painted with the sacred triple symbol. 43 f. MELDI S. Belgium. Bronze. Snake, torc, boar, eagle, wheel, rings, mirror terrestrial or celestial symbols of victory 43 g. CORIELTAUVI Lincs, Humbs, England. Silver. Extreme abstraction of a horse under night sky. 43 h. DOBUNNI Cotswolds, England. Sky head with annulets, doubleheaded snake other glyphs. 39 d. AMBIANI Somme Valley, N. France. Bronze. The boar defends the tribal land demarcated by a woven torc. 39e. GALLOBELGIC. N. France. Gold. Boar with hawks head. Hawk and boar often combine in coin imagery. 39 f. CORIELTAUVI Lincolnshire, Humberside. c. 55 45 BC. Silver. Boar with solar attributes. 39 g. ECENI East Anglia, England. c. 50 30 BC. Silver. Phallic dorsal bristles combine aggressive defence with fecundity and abundance. 39 h. CORIELTAUVI Lincolnshire, Humberside. c. 4010 BC. Silver. Boar rears up, tusks flashing, dorsal hair erect. Above, part of a sun disc. MENAGERIE 40 a. AMBIANI Somme Valley, N. France. c. 1st c. BC. Bronze. Cockerel with a snake below and a branch in front. 40 b. AMBIANI Somme Valley, N. France. c. 6050 BC. Bronze.Duck composed from triple pellet divine emblem and solar triskele. 40 c. CARNUTES N. central France. Bronze. A hawk hunts or protects a lizard. 40 d. PICTONES W. France. Electrum. Crane on horseback with circle beneath. 40 e. ATREBATES under the CATUVELLAUNI. C. 3543. Silver. Eagle and snake designs were used by both pro and antiImperial artists. 41 f. GAUL France. c. 6050 BC. Potin. Two animals facing between letters . Reversible stag and goat become stoat or badger. 41 g. SUESSIONES Soissons, N. France. c. 6052 BC. Potin. A wolf and a boar protect the circle of the tribe. 41 h. AMBIANI Somme Valley, N. France. c. 6050 BC. Bronze. Arching stag guards a solar disc and carries sun or star images. 43 i. BOII Bohemia, S. Germany. Gold. The brightest star surrounded by others. Pole star or Pleiades, perhaps. 43 j. REGINI Sussex, S. Englandc. 40 BC. Gold. Lunar, stellar and solar imagery using torclike moons, combine into a spirit mask. 43 k.GALLOBELGIC N. France, Belgium. Gold. Abstracted so could be shooting star, Milky Way, torc, sceptre, large openarmed spirit. 43 l. CATUVELLAUNI N. Thames region, S. England. c. 4525 BC. Gold. Auspicious sky above tribal centre, meeting of tribal stars. 43 m. CATUVELLAUNI N. Thames region, S. England. c. 20 BC 10 AD. Gold. Lunar crescent as woad crushing pestle. GODS GODDESSES 44 a. CANTIACI Kent, S.E. England. Goddess with torc, snakes in hair, conversing with horned serpent, horse and other animals. 44 b. AMBIANI Amiens, N. France. Bronze. Sea deity with fishs tail rises from the waves. Arms in position of divine power, neck torc, serpents. 44 c. ECENI Norfolk, Cambs. c. 5040 BC. Silver. Poss. Icenan wargoddess Andraste with Crown of moonsserpents, and snakedragon. 45 d. PARISII Paris Basin, France. 1st c. BC. Gold. Snake or vegetal deity, manifesting a leaf and other things with his speech. 45 e. MELDI S. Belgium. Bronze. The raven was a favoured form for war goddesses. Here, one rides to battle on the back of a warrior boar. 45 f. TOLOSATES Toulouse, S.W. France. c. 12152 BC. Silver. Sea god surrounded by dolphinsfish, jellyfish and whelks eggs 45 g. MELDI Galli Belgica, N. France. c. 70 50 BC. Bronze. Rider transformed into a striking eagle spirit, wings outstretched. 47 e. BOII Germany. Gold. Bird priestessgoddess derived from classical Victory Nike becomes a wholly Celtic manifestation here. 47 f. VENETI Brittany, N.W. France. Gold. Fruiting branch projects a binding spell. Victory goddess of the enemy crushed. TRANCE 49 a. LEUCI S. Belgium. Gold. Swanmonster, sacred tree, fruiting branch, spell or ritual enclosure. Derived from entoptic images 49 b. VINDELICI Germany. c. 6050 BC. Snake dancers are part of a genre of apparently ritual activities that appear in coin art. 49 c. VINDELICI Germany. c. 6050 BC. Athletic bravado, shamanic trance journey, or hero exploits. 49 d. DUROTRIGES Wessex, S. England. c. 5840 BC. Silver. The spirit of the horse remains but this is a portrayal of the spirit world. 49 e. CORIELTAUVI Lincolnshire, N.E. England. c. 6050 BC. Gold. The original portrait head can still be seen in its constituent motifs. 49 f. BELLOVACI N. France. c. 5030 BC. Bronze. Hair standing on end is a common motif for shamanic states of frenzy, in warrior and druid. CONCLUSION 50 a. SEQUANI Besancon, E. France. Potin. Goats appear less seldom than horses. They represent skill and dexterity. 50 b. CANTIACI Kent, S.E. England. c. 2510 BC. Silver. Pegasus flying over the solar disc amongst the stars. 50 c. BOII Bavaria, Bohemia, S. Germany. Gold. A naturalistic stags head framed by a torclike ring at the edge of the coin. 51 d. INSUBRES Lombardy, N. Italy. c. 2nd1st BC. Silver. TOUTIOPOVOS in regional Lepontic characters appear above this lion. 45 h. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Gold. Elegant bird deity, with a whisper escaping between pursed lips. 45 i. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Gold. Deity wearing a complex brooch or torc, surrounded by a variety of animals and birds. 45 j. BELLOVACI N. France. c. 175120 BC. Gold. GalloBelgic goddess, hair held by a long hairpin, wearing a richly patterned cape. 45 k. BELLOVACI Beauvais region, N. France. c. 175120 BC. Gold. Derived from head of Apollo, this Celtic image usually seen as goddess. 45 l. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Silver. Storm and mountain deity cloudsmountains for hair, sun peeking through lightning and rain. 45 m.CELTOTHRACIANS N. Greece. c. 1st c. BC. Silver. Hercules like figure, club, animal skins, strength. Fertile rainseedcoins. 45 n. DOBUNNI Cotswold area S. c. AD 20 43. Silver. Numinous deity profile created from stars, suns, snakes and opened torcs. 45 o. BELLOVACI Beauvais region, N. France. Gold. Birdlike profile, numinous quality, suggest superhuman figure, or sky star god. THE LONG ARM 47 a. Germany. Gold. Another version of the bird priestess, still with characteristic elongated arm of power, wings and triple objects. 47 b. AMBIANI N.E. France. c. 150130 BC. Gold. Torc crescent blessed horse. The charioteers arms become sword and spells. 47 c. EASTERN CELTS Germany. Gold. A rider with frenzybristled hair and covered with a torc of power and divine energy extends a hand. 47 d. GALLOBELGIC N.E. France. 1st c. BC. Gold. The motifs of the portrait head transformed into long armed spirit and horned serpents. 51 e. BELGIC TRIBES found Jersey, Channel Isles. Billon. Two striking cockerels are back to back. Three ringed dots mark as sacred. 51 f. CANTIACI Kent, S.E. England. c. 5030 BC. Bronze. A bear with a hawk riding on its back. The hawk is a druid bird of farsight. 51 g. BELLOVACI Beauvais region, N. France. c. 5030 BC. Bronze. Something between lion and deer. Long tail wrapping the sun disc. 51 h. TRINOVANTES Essex, Suffolk, S.E. England. c. 5030 BC. Silver. The tribal name means the very lively ones. 51 i. Unidentified. Partial images are easily misinterpretedmisread. This horse becomes snail or sea monster. FINIS 58 a. AULERCI EBOROVICES Normandy, N. France. Gold. Guardian wolf spirit of this warrior follows his horse into battle. 58 b. BOII Bohemia, S. Germany. Silver. Raven riding spirit horse, poss. aspect of war goddess. 58 c. CORIELTAUVI E. Midlands, Lincolnshire, Yorkshire. c. 10 BC AD 10. Bronze. Combination of solar and lunar imagery. 58 d. BAIOCASSES Brittany, NW France. Electrum. Tribal Tree as weapon, boar battle standard below. 58 e. REGINI and ATREBATES S. England. c. 5040 BC. Silver. Multiple faces. 58 f. REMI Marne region, N.E. France. c. 9050 BC. Potin. Sitting god or druid with torc. Long hair or covering head with cape 58 g. NAMNETES Brittany, N.W. France. c. 9070 BC. Gold. Tribal spirit of victory upholds sacred man horse as warrior rides into battle. 58 h. EASTERN CELTS Danube. Silver. Rider with two bird spirits, perhaps raven and duck, messengers of war and healing deities.
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