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Ancient Celtic Coin Art

52 53 3 d. PARISII Paris Basin, France. Gold. Hair design and clothing are extremely important elements of Celtic coin art. HEADS 5 a. CATUVELLAUNI N. Thames region, England. c. 5040 BC. Silver. Horse and bird float before head. 5 b. AMBIANI Somme Valley, N. France. Silver. c. 7050 BC. Female head, crown of foliage and snakes. 5 c. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Late 2nd c. BC. Silver. Abstracted portrayal of a head. 5 d. CELTOTHRACIAN N. Greece. c. 1st c. BC. Silver. Crowned head with hearts in hair. 5 e. BOII Bohemia, S. Germany. Silver. Severed head with coins, wings and branchesbear claws. Boii is thought to mean The Terrible. 5 f. AMBIANI Somme Valley, N. France. c. 6040 BC. Bronze. Severed heads were displayed in and around the warriors home. TAILS 6 a. PARISII Paris Basin, France. 1st c. BC. Gold. Rider sometimes transforms into fanshaped pelta symbol. Here it resembles a net. 6 b. NORICUM Austria. Horse with three divine serpent spirits overhead. 6 c. EASTERN CELTS E. Rhine land. c. 60 50 BC. Silver. Stylised horse looks backwards. 6 d. ECENI Norfolk, E. England. c. 3010 BC. Silver. Manheaded horse looking backwards sun phallus beneath. 6 e. DUROTRIGES Wessex, S. England. c. 5840 BC. Silver. Spirit horse, horse as ritual sacrifice, as map of the tribal area, as symbols. i. CORIOSOLITES. Brittany, N.W. France. c. 60 56 BC. Silver. Hairstyle like dorsal hair of a boar. Sshaped spirals yearserpent. title page. AMBIANI Calais region, N. France. Gold. Female warrior or goddess wielding shield and severed head. iii. SUESSIONES Soissons area, N.E. France. Potin. Unusual design for coin. A revolving sundisc of four swimming, longbeaked birds. SPIRIT HELPERS vi a. AULERCI EBOROVICES Normandy, N. France. Gold. The guardian wolf spirit of this warrior follows his horse into battle. vi b. PICTONES Poitiers region, W. France. Electrum. Rider represented by animal spirit guardian, a crane, suggestive of druidic powers. vi c. EASTERN CELTS Danube area. Possible woman warrior with a bird guardian. vi d. BOII Bohemia, S. Germany. Silver. Raven riding spirit horse, an aspect of a war goddess or the warrior under her protection. vi e f. BELLOVACI Beauvais, N. France. 5030 BC. Bronze. Cockerel helmet or spirit torcmouthed, solar spinning wheels in front. MONEY 2 a. AEDUI E. central France. Cast potin. Sitting Bull. Potin is bronze copper tin alloy with a particularly high tin content. 2 b. EASTERN CELTS Danube Valley. Silver. Rider on a horse, beautifully framed within the circle. 3 c. AUSCI Upper Danube, Austria Hungary. c. 65 50 BC. Silver. One of the team of horses looks back as the charioteer becomes treelike. 6 f. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Late 2nd c. BC. Silver. Fat horse with stylised head. 7 g. ECENI Norfolk, E. England. One of the possible translations of the tribal name is people of the horse. 7 h. EASTERN CELTS Bulgaria. Silver. A wonderfully windswept horse and female rider. 7 i. BELGAE Hampshire, Wiltshire, S. England. c. 50 40 BC. Silver. Horse galloping over ground strewn with torcs. 7 j. BELGAE N. France. c. 6050 BC. Gold. Galloping horse as spirit of dynamic movement, sun symbols above. 7 k. SEQUANI FrenchSwiss border. Potin. Elegant horse design, with distinct regional style. 7 l. REGINI Sussex, S. England. c. 5030 BC. Silver. The horse here is shown with a torc, sunwheel and lyreboat. WATCHERS 8 a. MORINI Calais region, N. France. c. 65 50 BC. Gold. Tribal tree at centre of tribal lands is also the face of the tribal leader or deity. 8 b. CATUVELLAUNI N. Thames region, S. England. c. 5030 BC. Gold. Thunderbolt and two sun symbols as hidden face of deity. 8 c. BOII S. Germany. Gold. Palmette and scroll motif become possible moustached face. Hidden bird when reversed. 8 d. CORIELTAUVI E. Midlands, Lincolnshire, Humberside, E. England. c. 4510 BC. Gold. Crescents make a smiling face. 8 e. MORINI Calais region, N. France. c. 65 50 BC. Gold. See 8a above. 11 h. BELGAE S. England. c. 5545 BC. Gold. Central sun surrounded by clouds, winds and rain, the bringers of fertility to the land. HIDDEN FORCES 12 a. MORINI Calais region, N. France. c. 6550 BC. Gold. Birds standing in a boat, poss. lunar vessel in night sky. Reversed tree spirit. 12 b. CATUVELLAUNI and TRINOVANTES Suffolk, Hertford shire, E. England. AD 2040. Bronze. Boarbird with wheat sheaf. 13 c. DUROTRIGES Hampshire, Dorset. c. 4020 BC. Silver. Reverseable rectangular animals boars with ring pellets. 13 d. REGINI Hampshire, S. England. c. 5545 BC. Gold.Spinning sun wheel of eagles, horses wheat sheaves, magical nets phalli. 13 e. TRINOVANTES Essex, Suffolk, N. Thames. c. 5545 BC. Gold. Ring pellets become eyes to populate design with animate spirits. 13 f. REGINI and ATREBATES Wiltshire, Hampshire. Gold. Snake with jaws wide in rural map. 13 g. REGINI Sussex. c. 40 BC. Gold. Sun and stars, sun and Venus rising over a landscape. 13 h. ATREBATES and CATUVELLAUNI S. England. c. 50 BC. Silver. The boars dorsal crest becomes a bird. SACRED ENCLOSURE 15 a. VOLCAE TECTOSAGES AquitaineToulouse, France. Silver. Four quarters of the tribal land axe, seed, flower, sun disc. 15 b. Aquitaine, S.W. France. c. 240220 BC. Silver. Four trees grow out to each direction, through the gateways of a ditched enclosure. 15 c. Aquitaine, S.W. France. c. 240220 BC. Quatrefoil design with quartered tree and four crescent moons. 9 f. BELGAE Hampshire, S. England. c. 5545 BC. Gold. Perhaps a shimmering spirit faces the viewer, hands raised. 9 g. ELUSATES S.W. France. c. 12152 BC. Silver. Hair, wreath etc transform into sprouting seeds, ploughed fields, birds heads, phalli. 9 h. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Silver. Abstract design, possibly a kingfishers head or toad. 9 i. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Silver. Triple toads, ring pelleteyes, Wavyline mouths. 9 j. DUROTRIGES Dorset, S. England. c. 6558 BC. Gold. Dwellers by the water. Individual filled with spirits of the land. 9 k. ARVERNI Auvergne region, S. France. Gold. Head as landscape with sun, ploughed fields, clouds, horizon and tribal boundary. POWER OF THE SUN 10 a. AMBIANI N. France. Bronze. Sun with fiery rays associated with lion and ritual sacrifice, the bulls head or bucranium. 10 b. OSISMII Brittany, N.W. France. Electrum. Manheaded stallion leaping over sunwheel wheat sheaf and foliage above. 11 c. DUROTRIGES Dorset. c. 4020 BC. Silver. Possibly a starfish as well as a spinning sun symbol. 11 d. EASTERN CELTS Danube region. Rider transformed to sun disc, also the horses legs. Celestial horse carries celestial light. 11 e. BELGAE Hampshire, S. England. c. 5040 BC. Silver. Happy horse, spinning sun disc above, torc star in front, face below. 11 f. BOII Bohemia, S. Germany. c. 10050 BC. Silver. Divine horse with sun wheel and lightning. 11 g. E. WILTSHIRE S. England. c. 30 1 BC. Silver. Horse leaping above solar wheel, solar disc behind, mirror or ritual spoon above. 15 d. S.W. France. Silver. Flower is also a tribal enclosure with four gates, ditched embankments and central sacred space. SACRED TREES 16 a. EASTERN CELTS Danube Valley. Silver. An Otherworldly rider bears a tree staff upon which perches a crow or raven. 16 b. AULERCI EBUROVICES Normandy, N. France. Gold. Eburovices means yewfighters. The gymnastic rider leaps over the horses back. Below, the tribal tree with guardian snake spirit. 16 c. EASTERN CELTS Danube area. Silver. Deity or warrior bearing the tribal tree. 17 d. NERVII central Belgium. c. 115100 BC. Gold. This variation resembles blackthorn, spiky branches laden with sloe berries. 17 e. ECENI Norfolk. c. 4020 BC. Gold. The sacred tree emerges from its sacred enclosure, the nemed. 17 f. MEDIOMATRICI Lorraine, E. France. Electrum. Cental tree. Triple pellets signify divinity. Five branches four quarters centre. 17 g. NERVII central Belgium. c. 115100 BC. Gold. A strikingly tactile series of coins, with designs in the form of interwoven tree branches. 17 h. NERVII central Belgium. c. 115100 BC. Gold. Almost abstract depiction of tree branches. 17 i. CANTIACI Kent. c. 4540 BC. Gold. The tree in all realms. The suns journey through the tribal lands, fields and rivers. Reversable. 17 j. ECENI East Anglia. c. 40 20 BC. Gold. The tribal tree within its sanctuary reaches up to the sun and down into the Otherworld. 17 k. ECENI East Anglia. c. 3010 BC. Gold. Sacred tree and its enclosure protected by a lunar crescent and dog or bird spirit. COIN REFERENCES
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