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Ancient Celtic Coin Art

44 45 Very little is known about Celtic Iron Age beliefs. Indeed there may have been no distinct pantheon of deities across the Celtic lands. Certainly no myths survive with which we can flesh out the names as we can with Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Norse gods, and commentators like Julius Caesar often use familiar Classical names to describe the native gods, which can add to the confusion. Iron Age cosmology was so bound up with tribal identity, land and social status that each area and social group may have their own deities. There seems to be a consistency across Iron Age Europe in ritual practices and the nature and design of sacred sites, so it is possible that some form of common iconography did exist. However, it is often difficult to be certain whether an image is portraying a god, a powerful spirit, a living person or something else all together. In some instances certain characteristics can give us a clue to the nature of the gods being portrayed. For example, triple images and the tripling of marks and motifs are clear indications of divine or otherworldly presence, and it is likely that wherever there is a transformation or the blending of human with plant or animal form that this too represents the manifestation of spiritual power and the presence of the divine. GOdS ANd GOddESSES the hidden deities a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o.
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