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Ancient Celtic Coin Art

34 35 Objects that resemble wands, ceremonial staffs or sceptres appear quite frequently in coin art. Where they are being held they probably denote the status or the power of the person represented. There are several recognizable forms the lituus, the trident, the forked staff and the roundheaded sceptre. The lituus was a wand or staff with a curved end similar to a bishops crozier or sheep crook, with which an auger or diviner would examine a designated area of land or sky for omens such as flying birds or clouds, when determining the location and orientation of new towns and temples. The trident is a tripleheaded spear, the tripling suggesting divine power. Its common use as a symbol of pagan divinity was reflected in its reassignment in Christian iconography as an attribute of the Devil. The forked stick, crescent or doublecrescent wand often appears as a combined solar and lunar symbol. The rounded sceptre and wooden club are both tree and phallus, symbols of fertility, and echo the form and function of the sacred tree at the centre of the tribal land. Ceremonial tools often derive from functional objectswalking sticks, fly wisks and weapons. WANdS SCEPTRES between heaven and earth a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h.
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